Hover Traveling and you may Bee Travel Types Diversity

Bee Species Range

Out-of 2009 to help you 2018, 192 bee range (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was swept up inside Calanques Federal Park through each other online and you will dish pitfall show. It belonged so you’re able to half dozen household and you may 38 genera. Megachilidae are among the extremely categories-rich loved ones, followed closely by Apidae and Halictidae, which have 53, 49, and you will 43 classes, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is simply the newest wealthiest genus, with 33 diversity, if you are seven genera had been portrayed regarding singular variety (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Desk 1 [on the web just] ). Utilizing the jackknife step one and 2 bots, the latest bee varieties richness is actually estimated to get between ± nine.89 and ± . This new viewed richness therefore represented 71.step 3 so you can 79.6% of your projected bee fullness ( Desk dos). The new Chao1 strategy estimated the newest viewed fullness to acquire 76.8% of the prospective maximum richness ( Dining table 2). Probably the most abundant types is actually Apis mellifera L. (276 somebody), which have Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you may 168 anybody, respectively), and you may Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 some body). In the course of time, 50 groups (26%) were illustrated because of the just one individual (singletons).

Ecosystem Functions out-of Bees

Regarding your environment attributes out of nesting means, i know 59 solitary bee species nesting significantly more than flooring, 92 single bee range nesting underground and you may 23 cleptoparasitic assortment, just like 29.seven, 47.nine, and you will numerous.0% of your own over bee assortment richness, correspondingly. I concept of five personal kinds (bumble bees and you can honey bees-2.1%). Sooner or later, the nesting choices of 14 range are nevertheless unknown (seven.3%- Supp Desk the first step [on line simply] ). Regarding your flowery diet plan off bee kinds, i discovered that 105 models (54.7%) foraged toward many bush variety (we.many years., generalist range, polylectic) and 51 types (twenty six.5%) foraged using one bush family relations if you don’t one/few bush varieties (i.years., professional kinds, oligolectic). To your remaining 36 bee range (18.8%), brand new flowery diet plan was not recognized (elizabeth.grams., with cleptoparasitic kinds). not, most generalist kinds displayed a choice for 1 otherwise lots out of bush group ( Supp Dining table 1 [online just] ). Into the 44 singletons, fourteen bee categories (28%) ended up being experts, and you may nine bee variety (18%) were cleptoparasitic ( Supp Table step 1 [online only] ).

A keen IUCN status can easily be bought to possess 178 diversity (leaving out new classes buildings and you can not known models). Probably the most, 47 brands is actually classified once the research without having (DD-26.4%), 124 species was in fact at least worried (LC-69.6%), half a dozen types got close endangered (NT-3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you can L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), plus one kinds is believed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table step 1 [on the web simply] ). Around three oligolectic groups was in fact among the 7 threatened bee brands. A beneficial. ovatula and you will C. albomaculatus try specialist on the Fabaceae, D. argentata is basically an expert with the Caprifoliaceae.

Off 2009 so you can 2018, 38 sort of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was indeed stuck in to the Calanques Federal Playground. They belonged to twenty-four genera ( Supp Desk dos [on the internet only] ). The most numerous genera was basically Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 people), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 somebody), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de– Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville inside Latreille, 1828 (thirteen somebody), while 20 brands (53%) have been illustrated on only one individual ( Supp Table 2 [online only] ). The fresh bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was illustrated of your 20 kinds, also four singletons (25%) ( Supp Desk step three [on the internet merely] ). The fresh estimate out of complete range richness away-away from hover flies and you may bee flies was between 83 and 97 categories using the jackknife step 1 and you can 2 spiders, correspondingly. Consequently, the latest seen richness portrayed 59.8–69.9% of one’s projected hover fly and you may chat friends bee fly fullness ( Dining table 2).

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